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Craig Sheppard Interview
By Rob Barnett, MW - Classical Music Web
August 30, 2002

Barnett: Craig, can you tell me something about your family background?

Sheppard: My family have been in the United States for the most part for eight to ten generations. I am basically of Scots and English lineage, with some Irish, German, and Polish blood as well. My father died recently at the age of 87, my mother is 85. I will turn 57 at the end of November [update October, 2004]. I have two brothers, one older, one younger. Both are businessmen.

What form did your early schooling take?

I did normal schooling (in the USA, public schools) through secondary school, whereupon I went to the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia for three years and then on to the Juilliard School in New York for another three, earning both Bachelors of Science and Masters of Music at the latter institution.

Who were your music teachers?

At the Curtis, my teacher was Eleanor Sokoloff (now 90 years old) [update October, 2004]. At Juilliard, it was Sascha Gorodnitzki. I worked privately with Rudolf Serkin when I was at Marlboro. After my Juilliard years I worked with Ilona Kabos in both London and New York and Sir Clifford Curzon in London.

Are there any generic differences between music teaching in the USA and in the UK or Europe. If so what are they and what do you put these differences down to?

You know, there might have been differences many years ago, but today, teachers in this country and all the European countries are from so many different backgrounds and nationalities that I cant believe the differences in generic teaching styles to be that great from country to country. The reason artists from a particular country exhibit certain traits would have more to do, in my view, with the general environment theyve grown up in, and not their specific teachers.

Can you tell us more about your time with Curzon - any special insights?

Clifford was obsessive over the most minute details in a score. This could be exhilarating (as in the Schumann concerto) or exasperating, as in the Schubert A flat Impromptu. I remember clearly an entire half hour spent on the first eight bars, chord for chord, the relationship of each note within the chord to the next, etc.. This might well have been my most valuable lesson ever, but I begged Clifford at the end of that half hour to please go on to something else!!

Do you play any other instruments apart from the piano?

I played the clarinet when I was a kid, but very poorly!

Now that being able to play the piano is not regarded as a necessary social accomplishment amongst the generality of people has Society lost out, what have we lost and have gained anything?

The environment I grew up in had nothing to do with this side of things, so I cant comment.

What were the circumstances of your public debut as a pianist?

The only formal debut I ever made was at the Metropolitan Museum in New York in January, 1972. I suppose one could say that my debut as a performer went back to the age of 10 with a local orchestra in the suburbs of Philadelphia (where I grew up). I played the Capriccio Brillante of Mendelssohn.

What was the first professional orchestra and who was the first conductor you worked with?

When I was twelve, I won two auditions to play with the Philadelphia Orchestra at their childrens concerts, one out of doors and one in the Academy of Music in Philadelphia. The conductor on both occasions was William Smith, for many years the Assistant Conductor of that orchestra.

What do you consider to be the highlights of your career? Ive had many wonderful moments. Working with Aaron Copland many years ago (doing his Piano Concerto) was certainly one. We did this both in the United States and at the Proms in London. My performances with Sir Georg Solti, either in Salzburg, different centres in England, or Chicago, were other highlights. A wonderful moment was when I did the Emperor Concerto with the Royal Phil at the Barbican, conducted by Lord Menuhin. 'My recital at the Berlin Phil in 1999 was certainly another wonderful moment. The public and the critics responded most enthusiastically, particularly after the Goldberg Variations. Working and performing with artists such as Ida Haendel and the Emerson Quartet has greatly enriched me.

Have you worked with other soloists in chamber music?

In the 80s I played a number of times with Ida Haendel a great joy. Mayumi Fujikawa and I also had a duo for several years.

What are your favourite piano concertos and why?

I have many that I love. Contrary to many pianists, I find the most difficult, and perhaps the most rewarding, to be Brahms 2. Many pianists find the Bartok 2 to be the sine qua non of difficult concerti, but I do think the Brahms is more so, if only because everybody knows it better and its more transparent in texture. I adore playing any and all of the Mozart concerti, and the Beethovens certainly have to be up there, too. Its fun to play the Rach 3 from time to time I had my first successes in the United Kingdom with that piece but I cant say its my favorite work.

You have mentioned Rachmaninovs Third Piano Concerto. What are your impressions of the First and the Fourth.

I adore the first concerto and played it frequently when I was younger. Dont forget that the first concerto was really Opus 1/39b, having been revised just after the Opus 39 tudes-Tableaux were finished in Moscow in 1917, and immediately before Rachmaninov went into permanent exile. I have learned the fourth but not performed it. It has never been one of my favorites (many of my colleagues will disagree). I think the Paganini Rhapsody is his greatest piano concerto, without a doubt.

You also mentioned having studied with Serkin earlier in this conversation. Do you know Serkins recordings of Brahms 2 with the Cleveland and Szell. Any views. What were Serkins special qualities?

Yes I do know those, and I love them. In general, though, I dont feel Mr. Serkin recorded well. I think even he himself would have admitted this, judging by a conversation I once had with him at Marlboro. In concert, he was notoriously uneven. But when it came off, when he hit the mark, it was truly unforgettable, magisterial, unbelievably energising. And I think the most important lesson to have been learned from him was his unrelenting attempt to remain true to the score and somehow incorporate that larger-than-life personality of his into the performance. It was really something to experience this struggle.

Do you suffer from nerves before a performance and how do you handle this?

I dont really suffer too often from nerves as such, though I am most certainly geared up inside one way or the other. Otherwise I couldnt call myself a performer. And this is true for any venue, whether it be London, Berlin, or a much more obscure place. But when nerves have occurred, they can have a near-devastating effect. Perhaps deep, sustained breathing exercises will help, if one is offstage when the nerves become apparent. But if the nerves start acting up onstage, or if ones hands start shaking for any reason whilst performing (it has happened), one just has to work through it. There is no easy solution.

It is said of some players that they use stimulants to enhance their playing

I often have a glass of wine with dinner, and once or twice a month perhaps enjoy a scotch. But I never smoke.And I never ever touch alcohol close to a performance. There are stories in the profession of famous artists who would tipple before or even during a concert, but its something I simply cannot conceive.

Name some conductors you prefer to work with and why?

Presumably you are speaking of living conductors! Michael Tilson Thomas has more ideas coming out of him than anybody I know. Its always exciting to be with him and work with him. David Zinman is a marvellous accompanist and musician. I remember many years ago a wonderful experience working with Jimmy Levine. And I think Leonard Slatkin is simply marvelous in every sphere.

OK those are the living conductors what about those who are no longer alive.

Working with Erich Leinsdorf was a thrill. I was only nineteen at the time and played the Brahms D minor with him and the student orchestra at Tanglewood. Mr. Leinsdorf was very kind and enormously patient with me! Solti had a profound influence, perhaps because I was privileged to get to know him and his family for a period back in the late 80s. I think his unbeatable work ethic is what sticks most in my memory. Let me give two examples. My (now-ex) wife and I were vacationing with the Soltis in their summer house down in Italy and Sir Georg was about to go off to Paris to do the Bartk Music for Strings, Percussion and Celesta and Beethoven 3. When he would be studying one score, I would borrow the other. I noticed that he had written down in the front page of the Beethoven every single performance and recording (there were at least three) he had made since giving his first performance in, I believe, 1947. Yet there he was, out on the lawn with his score, metronome in hand, making sure that his tempo for the Scherzo was unflinchingly accurate. Let me tell you that Solti was the sort who could hear the difference between a crochet at 130 and a crochet at 132 he proved this to me when I was preparing the K.491 to play with him and London Philharmonic. Yet there was this great maestro, checking himself to make sure that his own reactions to the score remained true and accurate. On another occasion, we were with the Soltis in Switzerland and Maestro was to go off to Vienna a few days hence to record the second act of Die Frau ohne Schatten. In order to be able to enjoy the rest of the day with his family and friends, Sir Georg was up at his desk and at work by six in the morning, cup of coffee in hand, while the rest of us enjoyed our last moments of sleep. And dont forget that he was nearly 77 at the time! Such lessons are something everybody can learn from.

Have you ever had any performances you now regret?

There have been a few, but luckily these were many years ago, and I would prefer to forget them if I could! I can say that they happened almost invariably because I allowed myself to be booked with too much repertoire within too short a space of time. When one is young, this is something one relies on a manager to sort out and prevent, but in my experience, this rarely happens. The artist has to learn early on how to stand up for him or herself and say no, even if such a decision has overtly negative consequences for the immediate future.

Have you ever taught your instrument to others, privately or at music college/school and can you name any such pupils who have 'gone on to greater things'? where did you teach and when?

Im glad youve asked this question, Ron, because until now most of our discussion has been about my public professional life. Teaching has always constituted a major portion of my time and energy and focus, now more so than ever, and Ive always had a large private studio wherever Ive lived, be it in Philadelphia, New York, London, or Seattle. In London, I taught at the Guildhall from 1981 through 1986 and visited the Menuhin School frequently out in Surrey during a ten-year period from 1978-88, to give master classes, private lessons, and even a couple of benefit concerts. I also gave master classes at various times during my twenty years in England at both Oxford and Cambridge universities. Here in Seattle, I have been on the faculty at the University of Washington since 1993 and have very gifted students from all over the world the Far East, the former Soviet Union, Europe, and South America, in addition to those born and raised in this country. The nature of a university is very different from that of a conservatory. The students are offered a much more thorough intellectual education, which I think bodes better for our profession in the long run. Incidentally, competition winners and competitors come to us frequently to take the degree of Doctor of Musical Arts over half my students are DMAs. In addition to their recitals (there are four), one of the most challenging things in this degree is the written dissertation at the very end, during which time the learning curve for me is often as great as for the students. It is very demanding work, but a lot of fun, too.

You ask about students whove gone on to greater things. In Europe, Nigel Hutchison, Falko Steinbach, and Rachel Quinn have all gone on to perform widely and to teach. I understand Rachel has just given a very successful concert in her hometown of Dublin, and Falko is now on the faculty of the University of New Mexico and has recently returned from a successful tour in Germany. In this country, Sean Botkin, who has worked with me privately, is doing big things, and Im watching a couple of my present DMAs to see what will happen two of them, in particular, have really brilliant talents.

Any who you have marked down for greater things in the future

Predicting the future is a dangerous business!

Any subsequent degrees, awards, etc:

My first, and most important award, of course, was the Silver Medal at the Leeds Competition in 1972. Im still proud of this achievement.

What engagements were you offered immediately afterwards?

Many things came my way, including the Royal Concert at the Albert Hall (the only time I ever met the Queen Mum), and a BBC Television recital.

Who were your co-competitors at Leeds and are you still in touch with any of them?

Well, of course, the gold medal went to Murray Perahia that year. Murray and I were good friends, particularly towards the end of my twenty years in England, and we are still in contact with each other from time to time. The Bronze medal went to Eugene Indjic, who I believe still lives in Paris (I recently saw that he had recorded all the Chopin Mazurkas). One other competitor that year was Mitsuko Uchida. I remember hearing her Schnberg in the semi-final round and being subsequently very surprised that she had not been a finalist. Of course, she won the Silver Medal three years hence.

Can you remind us what you played at the various stages at Leeds?

I did Beethoven Opus 31 No.1, the F minor Chopin Ballade, and the tude Pour les arpges composs of Debussy in the first round. In the second round, I did both the Liszt and Bartok sonatas. In the semi-final stage, I did both K.449 (with the Liverpool Phil) and a recital of the Haydn C minor sonata and Petrushka. In the finals, I did the Rach 3. The repertoire in those days was very different from that which Fanny Waterman has now chosen.

What are your thoughts on the life of a travelling international concert pianist?

I think the life of a travelling artist is not nearly as glamorous as it must appear on the outside. Very frequently one finds oneself in a strange city after a concert with nothing to do and nobody to really talk to. This is mitigated to a certain extent by my love of reading, but those hours after a concert are so important to wind down properly, and its easier if one has friends and family to help with this.

Does that life still hold attractions for you?

Indeed it does, and I still travel quite a bit. This year, in fact, Ive been to Japan, Taiwan, and on the European continent to play. I love meeting interesting people and seeing new and interesting places. This is something Ill never grow tired of! Beyond that, though, I am very much a home body and really love the home Ive created here in Seattle.

Did the Silver at Leeds really transform your career?

Yes it did, though I found the negative sides of things, such as intrusive fans, to be almost more than I could bear at times.

How important is the public to you? Do you ever feel that fan-dom undermines a genuine regard for music?

The collective energy from the public is extremely important for all performers. I wouldnt believe anyone who told me otherwise!! But why and how this energy is important for me personally has changed somewhat over the years. It will come as a surprise to many who might have heard me when I was younger that I found it almost painful to get up after a performance and take a bow. I would much rather have simply walked offstage unnoticed!! Believe me, it is not false modesty, but quite simply the way I often felt. You know, when one is fully in a piece of music, to suddenly have to relate to the audience at the works conclusion can be very daunting. On the other hand, today I have a very different attitude, if only because I am very aware of my need to interact with the audiences energy, and the audiences need to show their appreciation for what Ive been able to give them. If this sounds like pie in the sky, then so be it. We are all sharing our gifts onstage, whatever their merits. If we dont want to share them, we have no right to be there! With regard to hero-worship, this unfortunately exists in every public profession, and I have had my share of it as well. I dont like it, but not liking it is not going to change it! Luckily, I believe most of the audience really is responding to the music. When and if it is well played, how can they not!

How do you respond to aggressive and negative reviews?

My reactions vary. If the criticism is unduly harsh, Im often mad, or hurt, or both. With time, either I realize that the critic was an idiot, or that he or she was trying to tell me something that I really needed to learn. There is always a grain of truth in any criticism. By the same token, I think one should take complimentary criticism with a bit of a grain of salt as well. Whats most important is the work that one does before getting up onstage, not what happens once one is there!

What are your hobbies and spare-time pursuits?

I read a great deal in a variety of mediums, and I swim a few times a week when Im in Seattle in an attempt to keep in shape. I also find swimming enormously relaxing.

What do you consider the most demanding works you have played and why are they so demanding?

Well, things such as the Rach 3 have a helluva lot of notes, but I dont think they are by any stretch of the imagination the most demanding. As Ive said before, I think Brahms 2 is the most difficult concerto in the repertoire. People know every note of it, and they all have their own conceptions of how they want to hear it. This might be true of other works in the repertoire, but when you put the sheer technical and musical difficulties of the Brahms on top of it all, is makes for an almost impossible task. I remember once one of my teachers, Rudolf Serkin, telling me that the Hammerklavier wasnt difficult, it was impossible! Having played it many times, I think I know what he means. Something, albeit perhaps very small, invariably goes wrong, and its never when you think its going to happen! A work which is terribly rewarding, yet terribly draining, is the Goldberg Variations, which Ive performed frequently. Im sure I could find some of the so-called virtuoso warhorses in the repertoire to talk about, many of which I played when I was younger. At the moment my affections are elsewhere, but I cannot rule out doing them in the future in fact, its a distinct possibility!

Do you prefer to perform in a live concert or a recording studio and why?

I generally dislike studio recording. I need an audience to respond to, and not a dead microphone. My playing is always invariably much better in a live situation.

What artistes do you admire and why?

There are too many to list.

There seems to be a yawning chasm between classical music and modern music. Where do you stand on this issue?

This is nonsensical. There is room for everybody. I do think Bach is the greatest weve ever seen (or heard), but that doesnt preclude many great figures since that time, nor from this past century. Quite to the contrary. Bartks music is considered in many circles today to be almost classic. More contemporary composers will eventually be better understood, and many will be forgotten, as has happened in the past. Nothing will change in this regard, I feel.

What other well-known figures do you know or have you met and how have they shaped your experience?

As I have mentioned earlier, both Sir Clifford Curzon and Sir Georg Solti had a very profound influence on me when I lived in London. I knew Sir Clifford well in his last years, and loved him as an artist and as a human being. I also had the good fortune of working with Solti on several occasions, and to have experienced that incredible energy allied to an uncanny ear for anything, be it rhythm, colour, pitch you name it is something that I will always be grateful for.

Do you have any political or religious convictions, what and how keenly do you follow them?

I do have strong feelings politically, but prefer to keep them within my four walls. I like to retain my friends! I also have very deep religious feelings, but once again, they are not for public consumption.

Which modern composers do you admire and why?

I love Luciano Berio. His wealth of invention is staggering. Ive always loved Messiaen, though I havent played a great deal, apart from some chamber works. I have a secret admiration for Xenakis, probably because I find his works impossibly difficult and yet unbearably exciting.

People sometimes write of music being either cerebral or emotional. Your views?

How can you separate the two what is cerebral must by definition (in my book) also work along with the senses, and vice versa.

As a performer, what criteria do you employ in playing any work? How do you strike a balance between realising the composer's intentions and self-expression?

This is a sticky issue. To be honest, the composer is dead on that page of music until we, as performers, bring him or her alive. Any performance of any piece of classical music has got to be transformed through the performers personality in order to be heard. To what extent we as performers interject ourselves is the real issue. I see it as a balancing act. One must know and be true to everything which is on the page. Beyond that, one must try and sort out what the composer was really trying to say at that moment. I know all too well, having worked with many contemporary composers in the past thirty-five years, that what they put on the page is more often than not only a blueprint. More than once, if Ive changed something, the composer will say: Yes, thats fine, because youve approached the argument (or thesis) of the work from a slightly different angle than I conceived at the moment I was writing it. So your conclusion is not only perfectly natural, but also justifiable. On other occasions, the composers have been sticklers for the minutest of printed details.! So it can work either way. The problem for us performers is with the so-called dead composers. More often than not, the music simply leaps off the page at me, it speaks openly, strongly, and affirmatively to me. But how many are the times that I wished I could have rung up Beethoven, or Bach, or Mozart, or Schubert, and asked them what they meant by a hair-pin, a sforzato, a pianissimo that seemed misplaced. Such moments in music are the things that one loses a good nights sleep over, and Im not exaggerating! Having lived with a work for a certain period, though, I do feel that an honest and conscientious performer has the right, and maybe even the duty, to change a few things in the score if it allows that score to come alive in a better way.

Are there any composers that you do not readily respond to?

I usually find something in every one of them that I can relate to. Perhaps some better than others.

What things do you find irritating about other performers' performances of works that you perform yourself?

Whether it be in works that I perform myself or not, I find incredibly irritating the affected way of music making that is making the rounds amongst many of todays younger, and successful, generation. What I mean by irritating is the gross exaggeration of dynamics and tempi, the sheer lack of regard towards simplicity of movement, thought and feeling that is part and parcel of any truly great work. Luckily for all of these great works in the piano literature, there are still older, more established and more seasoned artists to lead the way. But it seems that this is what the promoters and the managers think the audiences really want to see and hear. Im not so sure

Who do you consider the greatest composers for your instrument and why?

I find Bach the greatest of all composers, living or dead. To paraphrase those old Heineken ads from the 80s. Bach reaches the parts the other composers dont reach!!

How far do you accept the suggestion of exclusively male and female nature in music?

This I also find nonsense. There is a masculine and feminine component in each and every human being on this globe. Simply the mixture is different from person to person, and composer to composer. One could give unending examples of femininity in the most masculine of composers, and strength of character (if that be the opposite of femininity, which it is not) in the most outwardly feminine. I find that Chopin, in particular, has an iron will. In fact, I am told that the town where he was born outside Warsaw, Zelazowa Wola, is a old form of the term iron will in Polish. What a coincidence!!

Have you ever found an accompanying conductor unsympathetic? If they are dead you can name them as examples:

There are several, both dead and alive. I prefer not giving names!

Do you ever receive unsolicited manuscripts of works to perform? How do you react and have any been successful?

I have received many such works. I always read them through, but dont perform them too frequently, as much from a lack of time as a lack of will.

How far is it true that if you don't like a piece you will not perform it?

I have started out disliking a piece on several occasions, particularly when I was younger, and ended up liking it. So I dont always trust my initial reactions!!

Have you written any books or articles?

Not yet.

Have you broadcast any talks?

I have had talks broadcast in England, Germany, France and the United States, in each case in the language of the country in question.


EMI (Classics for Pleasure) reissued a few years back an old LP of Liszt Operatic Transcriptions and Paraphrases that I did back in the 70s. At present there are four CDs produced by Annette Tangermann in Berlin (tel. 00 49 30 805 5558, fax 00 49 30 806 03063) at-label@gmx.de. I do not believe they are distributed in the UK. These include live performances of my Goldberg Variations from the Berlin Phil (in 1999), as well as the Beethoven Diabelli Variations coupled with the fifth Scriabin sonata, the complete Chopin Preludes and the Scriabin Preludes of Opus 11, and some Scarlatti sonatas coupled with the Opus 39 Etudes-Tableaux of Rachmaninov. The latter were all recorded in concerts Ive given over the past several years here in Seattles Meany Theatre. A fifth and sixth CD will be coming out shortly, live performances of Schumanns complete Novelettes and Ravels Miroirs and Gaspard de la Nuit.

Your favourite recording (your own playing) and why?

The Diabelli is a performance Ill always be proud of. It was recently featured on Berlins favorite classical talk show and compared very favourably to a number of recordings by great artists, both past and present. I am about to launch on a series of concerts devoted to the complete Beethoven sonatas, which will eventually be released on both CD and video.

Please list your recordings and give details of how to purchase them

Ive listed Annette Tangermanns phone number and fax above. Should anyone wish to write to her instead, her address is: Friedenstrasse 16, 14109 Berlin, Germany.

Lessons for young pianists

For any young artist, I would advise to keep an open and inquisitive mind, read omnivorously from many different sources, go to a lot of concerts of fellow artists, and of course, practice and learn new music continually. And be unflinchingly honest to your deeper self, whatever it be. This is the hardest of all to accomplish.

Any words of wisdom for those who have won distinction in piano competitions?

Try not to allow feelings of a momentary accomplishment to obscure the need to develop and grow.

What do you consider to be the role of competitions and how significant are they?

Competitions are significant, and can help to launch a career if that career if ready to be launched (two cases in point are those of Radu Lupu and Murray Perahia). Otherwise, I cant see a lot of merit in competitions and dont really feel in the long run that they have a great significance in ones overall growth or lifes path.

Your ten desert island recordings and why?

I would certainly have to take along Peter Pears and Benjamin Britten doing their Winterreise from 1963. I think its one of the all time great recordings. The Busch Quartets recording of the Opus 130 Beethoven also made a very deep impression on me at one point in my life. I would certainly have Barabara Hendricks and Radu Lupu doing Schubert Lieder. And Murray Perahias Handel and Scarlatti CD. And an early recording of Alfred Brendels Diabelli (1976). And Pollinis Davidsbndlertnze. And Clifford Curzons K.595. Or Edwin Fischers K.491. Not to mention all of my old recordings of Cortot and Rachmaninov. Must I really be limited to only ten?!

Not so very long ago Philips launched a Great Pianists of the Century series. What do you think of such concepts and who would you nominate as the ten greatest dead pianists?

I think the concept was a good one, though in my view it wasnt entirely successful. An arbitrary list of candidates strikes me as frighteningly difficult. Among the great dead pianists would have to be Hofmann and Rachmaninov and Cortot and Ignaz Friedmann and Rubinstein and Horowitz. Going back in time, what about Liszt and Thalberg, or even Brahms? Or Hummel?

What do you consider to be the advantages of an era in which recorded sound in classical music has secured the ascendancy?

I think that listeners can become better acquainted with the music before coming to the concert hall. And in some cases, particularly with live recordings, they can access again and again a performance that has really meant something to them.

What are the demerits of that ascendancy?

The demerits are many. People are putting out live recordings today that have little bearing on the concerts they actually performed. So a certain honesty has been lost. I feel that recording over the past thirty-odd years has caused the listener to want to hear a generic performance of a given work, with little latitude in ones imagination for real differences in artistry.

And the greatest living pianists

There are a number whom I regard very very highly, some of whom are friends. I prefer not mentioning them, for fear of omitting one or the other.

Have you ever been tempted to write music and if not why was this?

I have written music, mostly very badly! And the odd cadenza to a Mozart concerto, with varying results.

For how many days each day do you practise? Is there a pattern or routine?

My practise routine is usually to try and do three or four hours every morning. I teach at the university in the afternoon. One maddening, but necessary, part of university life is all the committees one must sit on, and these occasionally muck up my mornings practise!

Do you object to your recordings being listened to casually, perhaps in the car or while doing the housework?

Not at all. In fact, Im afraid to admit that I listen to most of my CDs in the car, if only because thats the only time I can be alone and really listen properly. If I lose a bit of the detail or the clarity, which I dont think is the case, then so be it. I dont ever have music in the background, though this is one of my btes noires, and I hate it when I am subjected to it in other places. For example, if I am invited someplace and that person has on a recording of anything, no matter whether it be classical music or another medium, my ears are simply trained to go out and listen to it. And God forbid that this be one of my own recordings!! That puts a strain on the conversation, and I always ask the person to turn the music off. This has made me unpopular on more than one occasion!

How do you feel about pirate recordings of your concert broadcasts?

I have nothing whatsoever against this practise. At least people are listening to classical music to me that is far more important than whether I am getting a royalty or not.

Do you have recordings made of your concerts now and in the past?

I have plenty of cassette tapes and old reel-to-reel tapes, some of which Ive had put onto CD for my personal use. Im not sure Id want many of them out there on public display, though! The best of the most recent performances have been issued by Annette Tangermann in Berlin, as mentioned previously.

Do you have recordings of your Leeds concerts?

Yes I do, excepting a full recording of the 3rd Rachmaninov, which I did in the finals. There I only have the video of the last movement, which is what the BBC aired the night after the final round.

If time permitted which concertos would you like to work up for concert performance?

A number of years ago, I learnt both the Schnberg concerto and the Berg Kammerkonzert (for 13 Winds and Piano). I love both of these works, particularly the Berg, but have never had the opportunity to perform them.

What do you want to be remembered for? What do you think is your greatest contribution to music?

Its too early to say yet! And Im not sure that one ever knows the real impression one is leaving with other people. Thats for the future to decide.

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